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With the invention of inexpensive yet reliable compasses, the sport gained popularity during the s. Very short races, with winning times in the region of 12—15 minutes, often held in city parks and other more urban settings. Find out how and when orienteering came to the U. Each competitor is required to carry an electronic or paper control card, and to present it at the Start and hand it in at the Finish. Lightweight studded and often cleated orienteering shoes are commonly used. Competitors use a headlamp to navigate in the dark.

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The objective on each leg is to follow the fastest route between controls. This sport is in fact the ideal to have fun and spend a pleasant outdoor dayalso for families and children.

The winner is normally the competitor with the fastest time, but other oeienteering systems can be used, e. Carto semiotics helps us make sense of symbols used in different types of maps such as globesrelief modelsorienteerimg animations.


Beach racing Motocross Rally raid Track racing. In its Scandinavian origins, this typically meant in the forestbut orienteering in open fellheathlandmoorland and other mixed terrain is also common.


To verify orirnteering visit, the orienteer may use a punch hanging next to the flag to mark his or her control card. Extreme and adventure sports. International Amateur Radio Union.

For the way it is practiced in Scouting, see Orienteering scouting.

Until the introduction of the thumb compassthe protractor compass would remain the state of the art in the sport. These show the times between controls and aggregate times to each control. High levels of fitness and running speed are required orientwering compete successfully at an international or elite level. The middle distance is a shorter cross-country race than the classic or longwith a winning time in the region of 30 minutes and with an emphasis more on fine navigation than route-choice.

Over the years nature changes.

What is Orienteering? | Orienteering USA

Its territory, rich in forests and green spaces, lends itself perfectly to the organization of the routes. In Sweden inan international orienteering conference was held. Additionally, there are popular mass club races out of which Jukola relay has the highest number of participating clubs 1, inwhile manna has the ofienteering number of legs Half marathon Marathon Ultramarathon Ekiden.

But now people also orienteer on skis, mountain bikes–even in canoes!

WorldofO Calendar

oorienteering Sports of the World Games program. When races of this distance were run in the mid-late s, they were called “short” races, or “sprint-O”. CS1 Swedish-language sources sv Articles with short description Articles to be expanded from December All articles to be expanded Articles using small message boxes Articles containing potentially dated statements from All articles containing potentially dated statements Commons category link is on Wikidata Wikipedia articles with GND identifiers Wikipedia articles with NDL identifiers Wikipedia articles with NKC identifiers.


In the United States, rule A.

Orienteering in Umbria

Gaiters are also often worn. Competitors visit as many controls as possible within a time limit. Find out how and when orienteering came to the U. Carto otienteering also includes the study of map keyslegends, and units of measurement between destinations. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Have you recently completed one of our permanent orienteering courses?

The classic race has orienteerinh typical winning time of 75—90 minutes. Most nations have some form of regional governing bodies.

The Venice street-O is notable for attracting a large international participation. When people visit National Parks or other wild lands, they need to know where they are going on trails and paths. It is a timed race in which individual participants use a specially created, highly detailed map to select routes and navigate through diverse and often unfamiliar terrain and visit control points in sequence.